Saint Brendan the Navigator from Ireland to Canada (+578) & Tim Severin – The Brendan Voyage (1976–1977)

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Saint Brendan the Navigator

from Ireland to North America (+578)

“They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;
These see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the deep.”

Psalm 107:23-24

St Brendan, The Navigator was born in Fenit Co. Kerry in 484. Educated by Bishop Erc in Kerry, set his skills to developing his knowledge to the art of ship building and the rules of the seas around Fenit Island. Building a simple boat made out of wood and leather, St Brendan set sail and discovered America in search of the Promised Land of the Saints. His journey and adventures were outlined in his journal the Navigatio Sancti Brendani which even inspired the Great Christopher Columbus himself on his voyage of discovery many years later.

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Our father among the saints Brendan was born about 484 AD to an Irish family near the present city of Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland. At a very young age he began his education in the priesthood and studied under St. Ita at Killeedy. Later he completed his studies under St. Erc, who ordained him in 512 AD.

During the next twenty years of his life, St. Brendan sailed all around the Islands surrounding Erie (Ireland), spreading the word of God and founding monastery after monastery. The most notable of these is Clonfert in Galway, which he founded around 557 AD, and which lasted well into the 1600s. St. Brendan died around 578 AD and his feast day is marked on May 16th.

Brendan’s first voyage took him to the Arran Islands, where he founded a monastery, and to many other islands which he only visited, including Hynba Island off Scotland, where he is said to have met Columcille (Columba). On this voyage he also traveled to Wales, and finally to Brittany, on the northern coast of France.

The event that St. Brendan is most celebrated for, however, is his voyage to the “Land of Promise”. Sometime in his early journeys, St. Brendan heard from another monk the story of a land far to the west, which the Irish claimed was a land of plenty.

He and a small group of monks including, possibly, St. Machutus, fasted for forty days, then set sail for this land in order to investigate and ‘convert’ the inhabitants. Altogether the journey took seven years.

In the ninth century, an Irish monk wrote an account of the voyage in the Navigatio Sancti Brendani (Voyage of St. Brendan). This book remained popular throughout the entire Middle Ages, and made Brendan famous as a voyager.

The account is characterized by a great deal of literary license and contains references to hell where “great demons threw down lumps of fiery slag from an island with rivers of gold fire” and “great crystal pillars”. Many now believe these to be references to the volcanic activity around Iceland, and to icebergs.

Upon reaching their destination, they engaged a guide who took them around the land. They went inland but were prevented from going further by a great river. Soon after this, St. Brendan, and the remainder of his colleagues sailed back to Ireland. Only a few survived the journey.

In modern times the story was dismissed as pure fabrication, but in the 1970′s a man named Tim Severin became fascinated with the story and decided to replicate St. Brendan’s journey. Severin built a boat made of hides tanned with oak bark just like the one described in the ancient text. The hides were sewn together over a bent frame of ash wood and the seams were sealed with animal fat and grease. With a group of volunteers he set sail for America and made his way to Newfoundland. His journey is covered in “The Brendan Voyage: Across the Atlantic in a Leather Boat”.

Source:

http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/53856.htm

ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY

Tim Severin – The Brendan Voyage (1976–1977)

It is theorized by some scholars, that the Latin texts of Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis (The Voyage of St. Brendan the Abbot) dating back to at least 800 AD tell the story of Brendan’s (c. 489–583) seven-year voyage across the Atlantic Ocean to a new land and his return. Convinced that the “Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis (The Voyage of St. Brendan the Abbot)” was based in historical truth, in 1976 Severin built a replica of Brendan’s currach. Handcrafted using traditional tools, the 36-foot (11 m), two masted boat was built of Irish ash and oak, hand-lashed together with nearly two miles (3 km) of leather thong, wrapped with 49 traditionally tanned ox hides, and sealed with wool grease.

Between May 1976 and June 1977, Severin and his crew sailed the Brendan 4,500 miles (7,200 km) from Ireland to Peckford Island, Newfoundland, stopping at the Hebrides and Iceland en route. He considered that his recreation of the voyage helped to identify the bases for many of the legendary elements of the story: the “Island of Sheep”, the “Paradise of Birds”, “pillars of crystal”, “mountains that hurled rocks at voyagers”, and the “Promised Land”. Severin’s account of the expedition, The Brendan Voyage, became an international best seller, translated into 16 languages.

The boat is now featured at the Craggaunowen open-air museum in County Clare, Ireland.

Source: Wikipedia

 

 

 

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The 17 Orthodox Christian Monasteries of Fr. Ephraim of Arizona in USA & Canada

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The Monasteries of Fr. Ephraim in North America

1. Holy Monastery of the Nativity of the Theotokos
Abbess Theophano
121 St. Elias Lane
Saxonburg, PA 16056 USA
Tel: (724) 352-3999
Fax: (724) 352-5822
2. Holy Monastery of St. Kosmas Aitolos
Abbess Alexia
14155 Caledon King Town
Line Rd. South
Bolton, Ont. L7E 5R7
CANADA
Tel: (905) 859-2474
Fax: (905) 859-2505
Web Site
3. Holy Monastery of Panagia Parigoritissa
Abbess Thekla
827 Chemin de la Carriere
Brownsburg (Chatham),
Quebec, J8G 1K7
CANADA
Tel: (450) 533-4313
Fax: (450) 533-1169
Web Site
4. Holy Monastery of St. John Chrysostomos
Abbess Melanie
4600 93rd Street
Pleasant Prairie, WI 53158 USA
Tel: (262) 694-9850
Fax: (262) 697-1581
Web Site
5. Holy Protection Monastery
Abbess Olympiada
1 St. Joseph’s Way
White Haven, PA 18661 USA
Tel: (570) 443-2220
Fax: (570) 443-9167
Web Site
6. Holy Monastery of the Theotokos, the Life-Giving Spring
Abbess Markella
P.O. Box 549
Dunlap, CA 93621 USA
Tel: (559) 338-3110
Fax: (559) 338-3101
7. Holy Monastery of St. John the Forerunner
Abbess Efpraxia
5 Timmer Lane
Goldendale, WA 98620 USA
Tel: (509)-773-7141
Fax: (509) 773-4131
Web Site
8. Holy Monastery of St. Anthony
Archimandrite Paisios
4784 N. St. Joseph’s Way
Florence, AZ 85132
Tel: 520-868-3188
Fax: 520-868-3088
Web Site
9. Holy Archangels’ Monastery
Archimandrite Dositheos
P.O. Box 422
Kendalia, TX 78027 USA
Tel: (830) 833-2793
Fax: (830) 833-2231
Web Site
10. Holy Monastery of Panagia Vlahernon
Monk Modestos
12600 West Hwy. 318
Williston, FL 32696
Tel: (352) 591-1716
Fax: (352) 591-1719
Web Site
11. Annunciation Monastery
Abbess Agapia
13486 N.W. Hwy. 225
Reddick, FL 32686 USA
Tel: (352) 591-1803
Fax: (352) 591-2083
Web Site
12. Holy Trinity Monastery
Hieromonk Joseph
125 Sturdevant Rd.
Smith Creek, MI 48061 USA
Tel: (810) 367-8134
Fax: (810) 367-6344
13. Holy Monastery of Panagia Prousiotissa
Abbess Agne
404 Warner Road
Troy, NC 27371 USA
Tel: (910) 572-3331
Fax: (910) 572-4176
Web Site
14. Panagia Pammakaristou
Hieromonk Nektarios
1631 Creasey Rd.
Lawsonville, NC 27032 USA
Tel: (336) 593-9760
Fax: (336) 593-9767
15. Holy Monastery of St. Nektarios
Hieromonk Joseph
100 Lake Anawanda Rd.
Roscoe, NY 12776 USA
Tel: (607) 498-5285
Fax: (607) 498-5468
Web Site
16. Holy Transfiguration Monastery
Abbot Akakios
17906 Rt. 173
Harvard, IL 60033 USA
Tel: (815) 943-3588
Fax: (815) 943-3878
Web Site
17. Holy Monastery of St. Paraskevi
Abbess Paraskevi
6855 Little York Lane
Washington, TX 77880 USA
Tel: (936) 878-2390
Fax: (936) 878-2630
Web Site

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